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Available services

To list the services that can be plugged into your application, run:

$ gk marketplace

service    plans                    description
mysql      100mb-20cnx, 1gb-40cnx   MySQL databases, powered by MariaDB cluster
postgres   shared, shared-nr        Reliable PostgrSQL Service

These are the standard services that Gstack can provide. If you need custom services, you can push Docker containers and have your application use those.

Plug a database, like MySQL

Available plans

In this section, we’ll take the example of a MySQL database. Let’s detail the available plans:

$ gk marketplace -s mysql

There are two basic plans.

service plan   description             free or paid
100mb-20cnx    Small MySQL Database    free
1gb-40cnx      Medium MySQL Database   free

The first is for small databases, below 100 MB of data. It allows 20 concurrent connections to each created database.

The second one allows larger databases up to 1 GB, and allows 40 concurrent connections to it.

Both are powered by a MariaDB cluster that ensures good resiliency and durability.

Plug it to your app

It’s a 2-steps process.

  1. Create the database
  2. Bind the database to an application

Create a database

To create the database, you specify the service name (i.e. the database technology here), the service plan (which is the capacity required here), and you give a name to this database.

For example, let’s say you need a 100 MB MySQL database in your staging environment for your application called jelly-beans. Then we advise you to call it mysql_db/jelly_beans_staging. And you would type:

gk create-service  mysql  100mb-20cnx  mysql_db/jelly-beans_staging

Your database is ready for being used by an application!

Bind the database

The recommended way of doing is to create a manifest.yml file, specify the database service name in there, and finaly run gk push.

For the sample application of the Getting Started guide, you would write such a following manifest. Use your favorite text editor and create this manifest.yml file at the root of your application directory:

  - name: my-first-gstack-app-42
    buildpack: go_buildpack
    memory: 4M
    disk_quota: 10M
      - mysql_db/jelly_beans_staging

Here you’ll notice that we specified as YAML properties the exact same arguments as we did on the command line: -b go_buildpack, -m 4M and -k 10M. The new part is the services: list, which only item specifies the database we’ve just created above.

After this, you can run gk push without any arguments, because gk will find all the necessary information in this manifest.yml.

Different databases for different environments

When you use a staging space and a productionspace to model different environments, you create two manifest files instead of one. They will be called manifest_staging.yml and manifest_production.yml. Each one of them will specify a different database name. For example, the manifest_production.yml would look like this:

  - name: ...
      - mysql_db/jelly_beans_production

And you would use one of them running gk push -f manifest_staging.yml or gk push -f manifest_production.yml

When the application is already started, an alternate way of binding the database is to run the gk bind-service command and then do a gk restage for the app to become aware of the database. We won’t cover this option here, and let it as an exercise to the reader.

PostgreSQL databases

In this section, we’ll focus on some specificities of the PostgreSQL service, as provided by Gstack. For more info on how to create a database and bind it to an application, see the “Plug a database” section above.

For a start, let’s detail the available PostgreSQL plans:

$ gk marketplace -s postgres

service plan   description                                                     free or paid
shared         A Reliable PostgreSQL database on a shared server.              free
shared-nr      A PostgreSQL database with no replication on a shared server.   free

The shared plan refers to PostgeSQL databases on a shared cluster. These are powered by BDR, a “Bi-Directional Replication” technology for building resilient PostgreSQL clusters.

Unfortunately BDR has some limitations, especially with schema changes. See the Prohibited DDL statements section of the BDR documentation to learn more about those.

That’s why the postgres service also provides a shared-nr plan. This second option is a traditional PostgreSQL 9.4 database, with no replication, thus no limitation. The tradeoff is that it has more limited data durability for the user due to the lack of replication. For Gstack operators, it has less scaling flexibility due to the lack of clustering.

Further readings

Now that you are confident in how to fuel your application with databases, why not try to Build your own?

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